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20 report(s) found with health in the keywords field
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This research examines the many ways that public transportation affects health, with a focus on rural and small urban areas. First, a comprehensive literature review is conducted. Research on the social determinants of health, access to health care, physical activity benefits, social isolation, and mental...

Food insecurity is a persistent problem in the United States that is disproportionately distributed across racial groups. Native American tribes, many located in rural areas, have high rates of food insecurity. Transportation plays a role in the limited access to food. This study focused on transportation...

The current pandemic has affected the lives of all Americans. Rural communities are particularly vulnerable because of a lack of mobility services and the great distances individuals must travel for healthcare and other needs. Nearly five million veterans live in rural communities, representing 57% of...

The recent rapid development of commercial unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has made collecting images of bridge conditions trivial. Measuring a defect's extent, growth, and location from the collected large image set, however, can be cumbersome. This paper proposes a streamlined bridge inspection system...

The number of Americans age 65 and older is projected to nearly double from 52 million in 2018 to 95 million by 2060, and the 65-and-older age group's share of the total population will rise from 16% to 23% (US Census 2018). Also, average U.S. life expectancy increased from 68 years in 1950 to 78.6 years...

Bridge inspection data is an essential step in the bridge asset management operation and the bridge management system. As such, a reliability-based, holistic framework was proposed to effectively collect reliable data and perform data fusion and information fusion of sensory data used for element-level...

When a vehicle drives over a bridge, each bridge girder carries a portion of the vehicle's weight. This load causes strain in the bottom of the bridge girders. However, depending on where the vehicle is located on the bridge, some bridge girders carry a higher percentage of the vehicle's load. This study...

Of all microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), regardless of application, micron-scale spacing of interleaved electrodes and high-dielectric ceramics in multilayer ceramic capacitors (MLCCs) provide exceptionally high capacitances in small volumes. This has led to MLCCs being the preferred type of capacitor...

The First Mile Last Mile (FMLM) challenge garners significant attention as a means to assess the accessibility of the first leg to transit and the last leg from public transit. As a critical barrier to public transit accessibility, the challenge provides many opportunities to closely analyze conditions...

Transportation systems generate certain health-promoting benefits such as access to social, economic, and cultural resources, but they also are a source of air pollution, noise, safety hazards, and barriers that diminish social cohesion in neighborhoods. Streets, in particular, are among the most important...

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