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Title:Optimized Adhesive Performance in Electronic Transportation Sign Construction
Authors:Junwon Seo and Ibin Amatya
University:South Dakota State University
Publication Date:Nov 2021
Report #:MPC-21-442
Project #:MPC-563
TRID #:01831621
Keywords:adhesion, adhesives, fatigue strength, structural analysis, variable message signs
Type:Research Report – MPC Publications


The ultimate objective of this project was to determine the structural performance of the dynamic message sign (DMS) bonded with chemical adhesive in terms of ultimate strength and fatigue strength. To achieve this objective, this project first investigated the effects of various parameters (i.e., conditioning humidity and conditioning temperature) on tensile, shear, peel, and cleavage strength through small-scale tests of adhesive specimens with variations in specimen width. Numerous data resulting from the tests were analyzed through graphical comparisons and statistical analysis to explore the effect of the considered parameters on each of the strengths. It was found that conditioning humidity and width were the most significant parameters negatively affecting the tensile and peel strength, respectively. Four full-scale DMS tests were also performed to examine their structural performance. Specifically, the ultimate strength testing was carried out on one DMS with adhesive joints and one with typically welded connections, and the fatigue testing was also conducted for one DMS system with adhesive joints and one with welded connections. The ultimate strength testing demonstrated that the adhesive DMS failed at 125 kN, while the weld DMS failed at 146 kN. During the fatigue test, stress ranges observed in the panel were much below the threshold of the DMS' aluminum panel. No sign of damage was observed in either adhesive or welded DMSs from the fatigue tests. The results indicated that a DMS with adhesively bonded connections is relatively better than welded DMS with respect to the stress induced in the panel.

How to Cite

Seo, Junwon, and Ibin Amatya. Optimized Adhesive Performance in Electronic Transportation Sign Construction, MPC-21-442. North Dakota State University - Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute, Fargo: Mountain-Plains Consortium, 2021.

NDSU Dept 2880P.O. Box 6050Fargo, ND 58108-6050