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Title:Traffic Performance Assessment of Disrupted Roadway Networks Following Hazards
Authors:Suren Chen and Guangyang Hou
University:Colorado State University
Publication Date:Jun 2022
Report #:MPC-22-448
Project #:MPC-534
TRID #:01855988
Keywords:disasters and emergency operations, emergency management, traffic flow, traffic simulation, travel time, urban highways



Urban traffic networks consisting of partially blocked roads often need to remain open to traffic before, during, and after disasters because of their vital roles to hazard preparation, emergency response, and recovery of urban communities. Conducting effective traffic planning of disrupted transportation networks highly depends on accurate prediction of travel time on partially blocked roads, which is very different from that on intact roads. Due to the lack of appropriate models, travel time prediction approaches developed for intact roads have often been directly applied to partially blocked roads, leading to inaccurate travel time estimates. Unrealistic travel time estimates of partially blocked roads as well as the whole transportation network further affect traffic planning, emergency response, and other decisions that are heavily reliant on travel time prediction. A new approach to develop travel time functions for partially blocked roads in urban areas is proposed to close this gap based on microscopic traffic simulation. First, an improved model for simulating traffic on partially blocked roads is developed by extending the existing cellular automaton model. Second, the improved traffic model is validated at microscopic and macroscopic levels with measured traffic data from an urban road. Third, traffic simulations under various scenarios with different demand flow rates, truck ratios, and blockage ratios are conducted through microscopic simulation experiments. Finally, a set of continuous traffic time functions are further developed for disrupted traffic flow with parameters estimated from the generated traffic data. The developed travel time functions for a typical urban arterial road are then compared with the standard Bureau of Public Roads function. The comparison suggests that the standard Bureau of Public Roads function would considerably underestimate the travel time on partially blocked roads, and the proposed travel time functions can offer a more realistic prediction. The proposed methodology of developing the travel time functions of partially blocked roads will be helpful for accurate estimation of traffic demand of post-hazard transportation networks.

How to Cite

Chen, Suren, and Guangyang Hou. Traffic Performance Assessment of Disrupted Roadway Networks Following Hazards, MPC-22-448. North Dakota State University - Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute, Fargo: Mountain-Plains Consortium, 2022.

NDSU Dept 2880P.O. Box 6050Fargo, ND 58108-6050