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MPC Research Reports
Report Details

Title:Big Transportation Data Analytics
Authors:Xiaoyue "Cathy" Liu and Zhiyan Yi
University:University of Utah
Publication Date:Mar 2021
Report #:MPC-21-428
Project #:MPC-543
TRID #:01769067
Keywords:data analysis, machine learning, mathematical prediction, spatial analysis, traffic data, traffic forecasting, traffic volume, vehicle trajectories



Traffic volume data are crucial in many applications, including transportation operation analysis, congestion management, and accident prevention. Yet an extensive capture of accurate volume information on a large-scale network can be difficult and costly. This research focuses on hourly traffic volume prediction in a statewide network using spatial-temporal features and heterogeneous data sources. We present a classic machine learning technique – support vector machine (SVM) – and compare its efficiency for traffic volume prediction with traditional estimation methods. Further, the study develops an innovative spatial prediction method. The method is built off a state-of-the-art tree ensemble model – extreme gradient boosting tree (XGBoost) – to handle the large-scale features and hourly traffic volume samples. Moreover, spatial dependency among road segments is considered using graph theory. Specifically, we build a traffic network graph using probe trajectory data, and implemented a graph-based approach – breadth first search (BFS) – to search neighboring sites in this graph for computing spatial dependency. The proposed spatial dependency feature is subsequently incorporated as a new feature fed into XGBoost. The proposed methods are applied to 101 continuous count station (CCS) sites in the State of Utah. Prediction accuracy and training time are compared across the proposed models.

How to Cite

Liu, Xiaoyue "Cathy", and Zhiyan Yi. Big Transportation Data Analytics, MPC-21-428. North Dakota State University - Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute, Fargo: Mountain-Plains Consortium, 2021.

NDSU Dept 2880P.O. Box 6050Fargo, ND 58108-6050