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Hydrologic analyses are used for dam safety evaluations to determine the flow a dam must pass without failing. They are also used to evaluate bridge and culvert designs. Many current guidelines model flood runoff solely by an infiltration-excess mechanism. Saturation-excess runoff and subsurface stormflow...

 

This study presents the application of the Highway Safety Manual (HSM) to rural state highways in South Dakota and provides important guidance and empirical results regarding how to calibrate HSM models. Calibration guidelines have been developed to facilitate future calibration activities. The calibration...

 

Longitudinal joints in Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) pavement slabs require tie (dowel) bars to control joint opening resulting from thermal stresses. Inspections of PCC pavements by the South Dakota Department of Transportation using ground penetrating radar revealed that it is common for tie bars...

 

A study was conducted to develop recommendations for short span concrete structure type selection based on analyses of existing structure costs and performance data from South Dakota roadway systems. Through a combination of data sources, including the PONTIS database, local owner and inspector surveys...

 

The use of deicing salts on highway bridges has decreased the service life of bridge decks due to the accelerated corrosion of the steel reinforcement. The use of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) in bridge decks as a means of corrosion-mitigation has been met with some success; however, GFRP is...

 

Construction of highways usually requires large areas of land disturbance, which may result in accelerated soil erosion. The stormwater runoff from highway construction sites typically contains a large amount of fine particles that are difficult to remove using conventional best management practices....

 

When designing transportation infrastructure, stormflow hydrographs are commonly estimated using synthetic unit hydrograph (UH) methods, particularly for ungauged basins. Current synthetic UHs either consider very limited aspects of basin geometry or require explicit representation of the basin flow...

 

Calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cement was used to cast a prestressed voided deck slab bridge girder. The rapid-set properties of CSA cement allowed the initial concrete strength to reach the required 4300 psi needed in order to cut the prestressing strands 6.5 hours after casting. Prestress losses were...

 

Accurate prediction of the shear strength of swelling clays is critical for the design of infrastructure. Damage caused to U.S. infrastructure by swelling clays is estimated to be about $13 billion per year. Overestimation of strength can lead to failures, and underestimation can lead to an increase...

 

Bridge inspection data is an essential step in the bridge asset management operation and the bridge management system. As such, a reliability-based, holistic framework was proposed to effectively collect reliable data and perform data fusion and information fusion of sensory data used for element-level...

 
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